the age of iron in west africa essay heilbrunn
iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in west africa among the nok culture of nigeria as early as the sixth century b.c. in the period from 1400 to 1600 iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in the western sudan and along the guinea coast of west africa.
iron working and the iron age in africa - african studies
iron technology first appears in the african continent in the 1st millennium bce and the term iron age is generally used certainly south of the sahara to describe iron-using communities in africa until the modern historical era. it thus covers a very long period of time and is used to describe a
gates foundation announces new $5b investment in africa
gates said the bill & melinda gates foundation has already invested more than $9 billion in africa. health is a major focus. gates warned that if the world doesn't come up with more creative ways
"the war" the ken burns series re: wwii .. - october
imo "victory at sea" is the best documentary of the fighting resplendent with actual footage. (some of which i still hide my eyes.) we've had many movies about wwii and those veterans say that
in 2012 east jordan iron works and its affiliated companies began doing business using the same name and brand ej. one global name and brand supported by a single mission vision and set of values has unified the company.
iron metallurgy in africa - wikipedia
the topic of early iron metallurgy in sub-saharan africa encompasses both studies of the technology and archaeology of indigenous iron production and also an understanding of the role that iron production played in african societies before european colonization.. some evidence from historical linguistics suggests that iron smelting may have been practiced by the nok culture of nigeria from as
theron mines 'north country' - cbs news
theron mines 'north country' a single mother fighting sexual harassment in the iron mine where she works. she grew up on a family farm and began studying ballet at the age of 6. she danced
steel - wikipedia
steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and sometimes other elements.because of its high tensile strength and low cost it is a major component used in buildings infrastructure tools ships automobiles machines appliances and weapons.. iron is the base metal of steel. iron is able to take on two crystalline forms (allotropic forms) body centered cubic and face centered cubic depending on
african iron age - 1000 years of african kingdoms
the african iron age is traditionally considered that period in africa between the second century ad up to about 1000 ad when iron smelting was practiced. in africa unlike the europe and asia the iron age is not prefaced by a bronze or copper age but rather all the metals were brought together.
ancient grain bowl recipe - chowhound
chef thiam co-founded yolélé foods to bring fonio to the attention of a global market and in so doing to give back to his native country. cultivating fonio is good for the environment (since it needs very little water it can help combat desertification) and good for farmers in africa who often struggle with poverty.
- gold mine
country in africa where iron works began