emission estimation technique manual for explosives
national pollutant inventory . emission estimation technique manual . for . explosives detonation and firing ranges . version 3.1 . august 2016 . first published in august 1999
blasting and explosives quick reference guide 2010
powder factor = 0.5kg per square metre of face do not stem holes. fire all holes on the same delay or in groups of ≥ 5 holes smooth blasting spacing = 15 x hole diameter (hard rock) 20 x hole diameter (soft rock) burden = 1.25 x spacing fire as many holes as possible on one delay. stem holes. powder factors typical powder factors
emission factors in kg co2-equivalent per unit
emission factor (kg co2eq per unit) uncertainty emission factors in kg co2-equivalent per unit. reagent stone naoh soda powder naoh kg 0.46 reagent stone naoh sodium hydroxide 50% in h2o production mix naoh kg 1.12 reagent stone nh3 ammonia liquid nh3 kg 2.11
emission factors for powder loading evergreen2000.it
8.2.1 air emissions calculations network for transport . table 4‑2: load factors used for computation of emission data load factors are based on specified maximum weight capacity for freight and cabin factor respectively see appendix a b and c.
revisions to emission factors for ap-42 organic source
u.s. department of commerce national technical information service pb-295 743 revisions to emission factors for ap-42 organic source categories pacific environmental services inc santa monica ca prepared for environmental protection agency research triangle park nc office of air quality planning and standards oct 78
watershed-based riverine discharge loads and emission
highlights we estimated watershed-based riverine discharge loads and emission factors of pfss. korean peninsula has several-times lower emission factor than other countries. influence of nonpoint and point source was found for pfass and pfcas respectively. total pfs emission from korean peninsula accounts for <1% of global emission.
analysis of the load factor and the empty running rate for
vehicle load factors 7 2.vehicle load factors 2.1. introduction the total weight of vehicles is required as an input of emission modelling and is one of the main parameters that determine energy and emission efficiency. the most important determinant is load factor i.e. how much of
guidelines for calculating emissions
emission = throughput x emission factor equation 1 the unit for annual throughput must be consistent with the unit of emission factor. for styrene and mma emissions from polyester resin operations the emission factors are determined using styrene and/or mma contents in the resins and equations in tables 1 or 2. operators are encouraged to
alliant powder reloader's guide
this information and data may vary considerably depending on many factors including the components used component assembly the type of firearm used reloading techniques safety precautions practiced etc. never mix any two powders regardless of type brand or source. never substitute any smokeless powder for black powder or its substitute.
load-dependent emission factors and chemical
load-dependent emission factors and stone characteristics of ivocs from a medium-duty diesel engine eben s. cross*†∥ alexander g. sappok‡⊥ victor w. wong‡ and jesse h. kroll†167; †department of civil and environmental engineering ‡sloan automotive laboratory and 167;department of stone engineering massachusetts institute of technology cambridge massachusetts
ap-42 section 5.2: transportation and marketing of
measurements of gasoline loading losses from ships a nd barges have led to the development of emission factors for these specific loading operations.8 these factors are presented in table 5.2-2 and should be used instead of equation 1 for gasoline loading operations at marine terminals. factors
reloading the .38 special page
always make sure your lead bullets have been sized and lubricated. note the dark band of lube on the 3 lead bullets. as you move up in loads you at least need the gas check on the bottom of the bullet to prevent gas melting the lead and fouling the barrel. for any loads over 900-1000 fps i
reloading data vihtavuori
ensure a successful and safe reloading result vihtavuori offers reloading data for nearly a hundred different handgun and rifle calibers with numerous bullet options for all kinds of shooting disciplines and needs. please note that the data we offer on our website in our newest reloading guide and in the vihtavuori reload app is all
eiip vol 2 ch 8: methods for estimating air emissions from
methods for estimating air emissions from paint ink and other coating manufacturing facilities emission factors for equipment components at coatings manufacturing facilities 8.5-13. chapter 8 paint ink and other coating manufacturing 02/01/05 ink and other coating manufacturing operations and it is intended to assist
emission factor powder handling newsecurityconcept.be
emission factor documentation for ap-42emission factor documentation for ap-42 section 1121 (formerly 818) phosphate rock processing 1 introductionthe uses for the emission factors reported in ap-42 include: 1 estimates of areawide emissions;dried or calcined rock is ground in roll or ball mills to a fine powder typically specified as .
grain elevators tceq
(e) ap-42 epa compilation of air pollutant emission factors from natural gas combustion table 1.4-1 1.4-2 and 1.4-3 1998. best available control technology emission factors determined for fuel fired equipment. any other emission factors or control efficiencies should be well justified and submitted with references if possible.
emission factors for powder loading
emissions calculator [xls] ap-42 is organized by process or industry so you may need to look in a few chapters to find emission factors that match or closely match your process follow the pm instructions on using an emission factor if you happen to have a voc process with an epa emission factor pm: you will likely find emission factors for most pm sources in ap-42
emission of volatile organic compounds from domestic coal
to reflect actual vocs emissions from domestic coal stoves we investigated the emission characteristics composition and emission factors (efs) of vocs from a prevailing domestic stove fuelled with bituminous coal under flaming and smoldering combustion processes in a
ap-42 ch 220.127.116.11 general industrial surface coating
coating back to working specifications. solvent emissions should be added to voc emissions from coatings to get total emissions from a coating facility. typical ranges of control efficiencies are given in table 18.104.22.168-3. emission controls normally fall under 1 of 3 categories: modification in paint formula process changes or add-on controls.
the three e’s in dust collection: exposure efficiency
when it comes to controlling industrial dust the equipment market has long focused on the efficiency rating of filters. but chrissy klocker an applications engineering manager with donaldson co. says two other “e’s” — exposure and emissions — are more important measures of effective dust collection. we discuss with klocker what she calls the “three e’s” of industrial
emission estimation technique manual
cement manufacturing 3 emission source for wet and dry process general (a) kiln (l) clinker grinding (b) material unloading (m) cement silos (c) material piles (n) cement load out (d) primary crushing (o) mill feed belt (e) secondary crushing (p) mill weigh hopper (f) screening (q) mill air separator particulate matter emissions optional (g) material transfer (r
the influence of fuel mass load oxygen supply and burning
mar 01 20130183;32;emission estimation is usually based on the total fuel consumption and emission factors (efs) defined as mass of the pollutant per mass of consumed fuel or per unit energy (bond et al. 2004; zhang et al. 2000). efs for a target can be measured directly or derived from efs of another surrogate and their relationship.
emission factor documentation for ap-42 section 11.26 talc
emission factor documentation for ap-42 section 11.26 talc processing final report for u. s. environmental protection agency office of air quality planning and standards emission factor and inventory group epa contract 68-d2-0159 work assignment no. 11
state of wyoming production site emissions inventory
vi. if the "general" emission factor group is selected the operator must provide wet gas light oil heavy oil and produce water extended hydrocarbon analyses as well as tank and truck loading emissions or tank and truck loading emission factors. see the “extended hc analyses” and “tank factors” sections below for further direction. vii.
emission factor powder handling greenrevolution.org.in
emission factor powder handling methods for estimating air emissions from paint and ink feb 1 2005 2.3 process design and operating factors influencing emissions . .. matter emissions may also occur from the handling of solid powders that...
grinding metal dust emission factor crusher machine
emission factors for powder loading quartz crusher emissions factors & ap 42 procedures for sampling surface/bulk dust loading-- july 1993 (pdf
performance and emission analysis of diesel by adding
performance and emission analysis of diesel by adding jamun seed powder 357 5. emission analysis the emission analysis is carried out in a twin cylinder diesel engine and the exhaust gases emitted like co co 2 no hc hexane percentage volume levels are calculated. 5.1 co emission figure.5 load-co emission 5.2 co 2 emission figure. 6 load–co
emissions estimate for powder coat operations
emissions estimate for powder coat operations parts cleaning: parts cleaning is performed using an aqueous parts cleaner. no solvent is employed. dry-off oven: compressed air is used to remove the majority of water from the cleaned parts. parts are dried of remaining water in an electric dry-off oven. this activity is not a source of combustion
coal processing plant fugitive dust emission factors coal
coal processing plant fugitive dust emission factors coal storage. 2016-2-28 1 fugitive emissions from a dry coal fly ash storage pile stephen f mueller qi
importance of the loading factor in transport
importance of the loading factor in transport co 2 emissions therefore in order to calculate the ghg emissions including load factors at the stage level total co 2 is the sum of co importance of the loading factor in transport co2 emissions . 9 . factor . vehicle . 2.
analysis of dust emission at coal train loading facility
scaling factors precipitation factor adjusted dust control factor of 99% and linear distance factor to prorate emissions. kotchenruther  estimated coal train fugitive dust impacts in tacoma washington u.s. the author looked into rail routes from powder river basin to proposed u.s. pacific northwest coal
emission factor for conveyor mineral
emission factors for powder loading rcpitbullsarendonkbe. emission factor for conveyor mineral stone crushers emission factors greenrevolution emission factor for conveyor mineralstone crushers emission factorspopular q & a about stone crushers emission factors ciros plant is the largest and leading crusher manufacturer in china with over
journal of powder metallurgy and mining
year (hr/year). the values of emission factors were adopted from npi  and epa . dust emission is categorized according to the size range of the . component particles: tsp and pm10. the tsp is the mass loading of airborne particles determined gravimetrically by a high volume air sampler.
emission factor for conveyor mineral manufacturer of
appendix a2 emission factors for particles from . 2014124conveyor loading car charging sinter 0 25 dross kettle 0 24 ladle operation 0 46 source emission factor ef transfer of hydrocarbons by tank cars and trucks gasoline in transit appendix a 4 emission factors for uncontrolled mineral processes abstracted from us epa 1972; and us ntis 1979 1980a 1980b 1981 and 1986
tceq sample emission calculations for dry bulk
(a) epa criteria pollutant emission factors for the 1985 napap emissions inventory bulk loading of urea may 1987 pg. 46. (b) accepted efficiencies given for certain control devices/measures that minimize fugitive emissions only (not to be utilized on point sources). any other control efficiencies should be well justified and submitted with references if possible.
emission factors for powder loading
emission factors for powder loading. air pollution control techniques for the appendix 102 detailed calculation of emission factors best available control technology guidelines stone and physical factors that influence n0x combustion in boilers cultural and ritual burning emission factors and activity department of mechanical engineering determination of sodium and calcium in powder
ap 42 compilation of air pollutant emission factors
the ap 42 compilation of air pollutant emission factors is a compilation of the us environmental protection agency (epa)'s emission factor information on air pollution first published in 1968.as of 2018 the last edition is the 5th from 2010.
appendix 5.3.12-3 marine navigation engine power load
epd’s study on marine vessels emission inventory epd’s study on marine vessels emission inventory epd’s study on marine vessels emission inventory operator g:\env\project\226428\12 reports deliverables\13 eia chapter\revised final\appendix\appendix 5.3.12-3 marine navigation engine power load factor and emission factors.xlsx page 1 of 1
appendix e general conformity analysis for emissions
loading factors and emission factors from usafcee air emissions guide for air force mobile sources august 2013 section 4. projected emissions for cy 2015 construction equipment. fema valve and bulkhead project; neptune nj. construction
chapter 8 blast design national park service
pounds there are several possible combinations that can express the powder factor. powder factor = tons of rock (or cubic yards) per pounds of explosive. normal range = 4 to 7 shallow holes = 1 to 2 external loads = .3 tons of rock = powder factor lbs of explosives the higher the powder factor the lighter the load. lower powder factor means
guidelines for measuring and managing co emission from
appropriate emission factor values for each mode of transport. the shipper can use either a default average emission factor for each mode or emission factors specific for his operation. the default average emission factors used in this guideline are based on the average emission factors recommended by professor alan mckinnon heriot-watt
diesel engine load distribution and exhaust emissions
diesel engine load distribution and exhaust emissions under real-world driving condition created the idea of using forged powder metals (pm) connecting rods in passenger car diesel engines
preferred and alternative methods for estimating air
preferred method for estimating emissions from surface coating operations and section 5 presents the alternative emission estimation techniques. quality assurance and control procedures associated with the emission estimation methods are described in section 6. coding procedures used for data input and storage are discussed in section 7.
- copper mine
emission factors for powder loading